Year 2014
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Raw material use 2014

Neste Oil uses both fossil and renewable raw materials in its production. Sustainability is an important factor guiding our procurement of raw materials. We only source responsibly produced renewable materials that can be traced back to where they were grown or produced.

Most fossil raw materials come from Russia

The majority of the crude oil used by us comes from Russia. The proportion of Russian crude compared to our total crude oil purchases was 72% (81%). 68% (72%) of all the fossil feedstocks used at our refineries were sourced from Russia.

More than ten renewable raw materials in the portfolio

Our proprietary NEXBTL technology allows the use of almost any vegetable oil or waste fat in the production of renewable diesel.

Waste and residue materials suitable for renewable diesel production:

  • waste animal fat
  • waste fish fat
  • vegetable oil fatty acid distillates, such as palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD)
  • technical corn oil
  • used cooking oil
  • spent bleaching earth oil


Vegetable oils suitable for refining renewable diesel:

  • crude palm oil
  • rapeseed oil
  • soybean oil
  • jatropha oil
  • camelina oil

Proportion of waste and residues in raw material usage is increasing

In 2014, the volume of raw materials used by us in refining renewable diesel increased along with increased production volumes and totaled 2.6 million tons (2.3). The proportion of waste and residues of the total usage of raw materials increased on the previous year and was 62.0% (52.6%). In 2014, we expanded our waste and residue raw material base with used cooking oil.

Use of renewable raw materials, % and Mt





Crude palm oil

38.0% (0.97 Mt)

47.4% (1.1 Mt)

64.5% (1.36 Mt)

Waste and residues (e.g. waste animal fat, waste fish fat, vegetable oil fatty acid distillates, such as PFAD, technical corn oil)

62.0% (1.60 Mt)

52.6% (1.22 Mt)

35.1% (0.74 Mt)

Other types of vegetable oil (e.g. rapeseed and camelina oils)

0.0% (0.00 Mt)

0.0% (0.0002 Mt)

0.3% (0.0007 Mt)


2.57 Mt

2.32 Mt

2.11 Mt