Year 2014
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Legislation and market requirements

The production of renewable fuels is strictly regulated by EU legislation. The most significant from the production point of view is the Renewable Energy Directive (RED), which requires producers of renewable fuels to show that:

  • Feedstocks can be traced back to where they were grown or to the plant where they were produced.
  • The product results in a minimum 35% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions over its life cycle compared to fossil fuels. This will increase to a minimum of 50% from 2017 onwards.
  • Sustainability criteria are met throughout the supply chain.

Biofuel legislation in the US also requires that raw materials can be traced back to where they were grown or produced. To comply with the criteria established for advanced fuels, a product must be capable of yielding a greenhouse gas emission reduction of at least 50%. Refineries producing renewable fuels must also be approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) before they can supply renewable fuel to the US market. All of Neste Oil's renewable fuel refineries are EPA-approved.

Read more about the traceability of Neste Oil's renewable raw materials.