Ensuring the safety of transport-related operations is an important part of Neste Oil’s activities. Neste Oil recognizes the risks associated with the transportation of its feedstocks and products, and works to reduce these risks by maintaining high equipment standards and ensuring that personnel have the expertise they need.
In 2014, 88% of the fossil feedstocks used at our refineries were transported by sea, 9% by rail, and the rest by road. Of the renewable raw materials 97% was transported by sea and the rest by road or via pipelines.
Neste Oil specified the key environmental aspects of its logistics in 2014, i.e. how the company recognizes and monitors the environmental impacts of its logistics operations, such as emissions into air, water, and soil.
We use haulage contractors to handle our road shipments. A total of 22 (23) haulage partners and 180 (184) vehicles and 320 (320) drivers, were used to carry Neste Oil products and feedstocks in 2014. Our partners are committed to complying with our safety guidelines and rules, and our contracts include a separate appendix concerning safety.
A total of 0.02 (0.03) traffic accidents involving Neste Oil tanker trucks per 100,000 kilometers took place in Finland in 2014; the equivalent figure for accidents overseas was also 0.02 (0.02). The total amount of accidents in Finland was 4 (8) and 1 (1) abroad. A total of 27,043,000 (28,680,000) kilometers were covered carrying Neste Oil cargoes in 2014. We focused on preventive safety measures in 2014 and carried out more than 400 observation rounds related to road transport.
Neste Oil has its own vehicle standard that exceeds the requirements of road traffic legislation, specifying the properties required from vehicles taking care of our transports. We updated the standard in 2014. Among other things, rearview cameras were added as a requirement in the update.
In addition to annual inspections, the trucks used by our haulage contractors are also subject to European Truck Safety Control inspection. This especially focuses on the vehicle bodies and the special structures of tank vehicles. The inspections previously only concerned Finland and Russia, but they were extended to also cover the Baltic countries in 2014. In 2014, the safety inspection focused particularly on the seals of the gas recovery system. We also carried out occupational hygiene tests, reviewing the emissions in the driver's working atmosphere. We will continue researching working environment materials and the gaskets on the basis of the results.
All tanker trucks used by Neste Oil in Finland are fitted with a tachograph for monitoring areas such as speed and driver behavior, including acceleration and braking. Drivers are supplied with a report detailing how they drive to help make them safer on the road.
Neste Oil and its haulage contractors annually train the drivers that handle the company’s cargoes. In 2014, we organized vocational qualification training for all drivers that handle our transports, extensively reviewing the safety matters associated with fuel transports, such as working in a terminal and unloading.
Neste Oil also works closely with the authorities and agencies in the industry, such as the Police, the Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi), and the Finnish Petroleum and Biofuels Association to harmonize overall road transport performance and improve safety.
Neste Oil does not own any rail freight cars or locomotives, and uses the VR Group to handle its rail shipments. We are responsible for the safety and maintenance of the rail tracks we own. Neste Oil owns and operates a total of eight rail-connected terminals in Finland, Tallinn in Estonia, and Riga in Latvia.
Neste Oil has been awarded a safety permit as required by the Finnish Transport Safety Agency from all companies operating private rail lines in Finland.
No serious incidents or near misses occurred in our rail operations in Finland during 2014. We report all incidents and the investigations that follow to the Transport Safety Agency. For serious safety events, we also carry out our own internal investigations. One serious incident occurred in terminal area in Riga to a passing train. We participated the incident's investigation and will implement the lessons learned to all our terminals.
The rail safety management system introduced at Neste Oil in 2013 was expanded in 2014 to cover reserve stocks which are owned by the National Emergency Supply Agency but operated by Neste Oil, in addition to Neste Oil's own storage facilities.
In 2014, we developed the safety of rail logistics by making risks assessments at all our Finnish locations involving rail functions. The assessments reviewed errors by individuals that might lead to process safety events, leakages, fire, or emissions. We will annually monitor the progress of the measures defined on the basis of the assessments.
In 2014, we adopted the change management methods previously only used at refineries in our terminals. With these methods, we can even better prevent accidents resulting from minor technical changes and new procedures.
Neste Oil uses its own, time-chartered fleet, and voyage chartered vessels to handle its marine shipments. In the end of 2014, our fleet consisted of 23 tankers under our commercial control. In addition, hundreds of transportations were covered by voyage chartered vessels. All the vessels used by us on the Baltic Sea are ice-strengthened.
Shipping operations carried out by vessels managed by us did not result in any significant seaborne emissions during 2014, nor did these vessels suffer any fires or run aground.
In April 2014, we outsourced most of our fleet and our ship management operations. Following the restructuring of operations, we were left with three vessels, of which we will divest ourselves from at a later date.
As a result of outsourcing the ship management functions, we are responsible for the commercial operation of the vessels used by us, but their safety is the responsibility of their crewing and ship management companies in accordance with their safety management systems.
Neste Oil Group’s ship vetting function is responsible for reviewing and approving tankers chartered from other companies. Navidom Oy, a new company set up to manage the vessel assets in connection with the outsourcing of shipping operations, monitors the safety and quality of chartered vessels by guiding cooperation and by auditing vessels and the companies responsible for them. The audits ensure that the vessels meet Neste Oil's proprietary safety principles, which exceed the industry and statutory requirements. In addition, the safety management system is audited by way of regular inspections by various authorities and customers, i.e. other oil companies.
We actively cooperate with various authorities and safety agencies by participating in salvaging and oil spill response exercises, among other activities.