The European Union's Renewable Energy Directive (RED) encourages the use of waste and residues in biofuel production. However, the EU waste regulations seem to prefer the use of animal fats in cosmetics rather than in production of biofuels, that reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
Activities in which no waste is generated rank the highest in the EU's waste hierarchy. Material-efficient production is such an activity. At the second level, waste from the operation can be reused, at the third level recycled into other products, and at the fourth level recovered and incinerated to produce energy. At the lowest level, the waste ends up in a landfill.
According to the EU's interpretation, the usage of waste as feedstock in biofuel production is not recycling, but recovery.
"In our view, the use of waste as a raw material for fuels and chemicals should be considered recycling. This would support the development and more extensive use of renewable energy solutions. This would seem logical as biofuels meet the EU's renewable energy criteria and significantly reduce traffic emissions," says Pekka Tuovinen, Neste Oil' s Director, Sustainability.